ASyD

ISSN: 1870-5472

Números publicados:

Volumen 2, Número 1. Ene-Jun 2005

FOOD CONSUMPTION AND NUTRITIONAL SITUATION IN TWO INDIGENOUS COMMUNITIES OF SOUTHEASTERN VERACRUZ IN MÉXICO

Abstrac


The objective of this research was to estimate and analyze energy and nutrients intake and the nutritional condition of the population in Ixhuapan and Ocozotepec, two indigenous communities of Sierra de Santa Marta, Veracruz in México, and to identify differences between men and women. Dietary information was obtained through a 24-hour recall and the nutritional condition through anthropometric measures using the Body Mass Index (BMI). The sample included 95 families, (41 from to Ixhuapan and 54 from Ocozotepec). To obtain the diet's energy contents and calculate adequacy percentages, Mexican food composition tables were used. Food consumption patterns in the two communities are different. Ocozotepec consumes significantly higher amounts of energy, carbon hydrates, proteins, fat, cholesterol, fiber, vitamins B1, B2, B12, iron and calcium. There are significant differences by sex in both communities as regards to consumption of fiber, iron, calcium and thiamine (this latter only in Ocozotepec) with higher consumptions by men. Ocozotepec also has higher IMC normality levels in both men and women. In both communities, women tend to have higher overweight percentages.

Palabras clave: Diet, men, native people, women, nutrition, Veracruz

Volumen 2, Número 1

Volumen 2, Número 1
Ene-Jun 2005


Director

Said Infante Gil


Director de ASyD

Benito Ramírez Valverde


Comité Asesor Editorial Interno

Ma. Eugenia Chávez Arellano
Juan Antonio Leos Rodríguez
Jaime Matus Gardea
Jacinta Palerm Viqueira
Verónica Vázquez García
Emma Zapata Martelo
Pilar Alberti Manzanares
Colegio de Postgraduados · Estadística · Km 36.5 Carretera México-Texcoco · 56230
Apartado Postal 199 · 56190 · Texcoco Edo. de México
asyd@colpos.mx · www.colpos.mx/asyd/asyd.htm