ISSN: 1870-5472

Números publicados:

Volumen 6, Número 3. Sep-Dic 2009



The first Europeans who entered the upper Rio del Norte (current Rio Grande or Rio Bravo) of northern Nueva España (New Spain) in the sixteenth century, encountered Pueblo Indians whose Anasazi ancestors were the first horticulturalists of the region by their use of rainwater harvesting and other water control systems. Due to Spanish colonization policies, new and more expansive settlements were to be located throughout the Camino Real de Tierra Adentro from El Paso del Norte to Santa Fe in the old Provincia del Nuevo México. Water from snowmelt was essential to the establishment of communities in downstream valleys where pockets of arable land were located. Here the Spanish-Mexican settlers diverted and conducted water from rivers through acequia irrigation canal systems transforming the semi-arid landscape into agrosystems that have survived into modern times as sustainable examples of the, millennial culture of water of Arab, Iranian and Saharan origin that reached the New World. Economic change and State-driven hydraulic policies removed acequia diversions along the Middle Rio Grande Valley ending much of the acequia legacy in the 1930s with the establishment of the Middle Rio Grande Conservancy District. In recent decades the pressures of development threaten to destabilize the surviving acequia communities in Northern New Mexico and southern Colorado as they confront increased demand from municipalities, industry, recreational, and environmental uses of water. For more than four centuries the acequias have overcome other forces of change due to the solidarity of the irrigators in defense of their agrarian traditions. This article outlines the historic roots of the acequia culture and how the traditional irrigators plan to protect their traditional way of life into future generations. Sharing of knowledge and the interchange of experiences and human values with other traditional irrigation cultures around the world may offer strategies for collective action to counter the common threats

Palabras clave: Acequia culture, New México, landscapes

Volumen 6, Número 3

Volumen 6, Número 3
Sep-Dic 2009


Said Infante Gil

Director de ASyD

Benito Ramírez Valverde

Comité Asesor Editorial Interno

Ma. Eugenia Chávez Arellano
Juan Antonio Leos Rodríguez
Jaime Matus Gardea
Jacinta Palerm Viqueira
Verónica Vázquez García
Emma Zapata Martelo
Pilar Alberti Manzanares
Colegio de Postgraduados · Estadística · Km 36.5 Carretera México-Texcoco · 56230
Apartado Postal 199 · 56190 · Texcoco Edo. de México ·