ASyD

ISSN: 1870-5472

Números publicados:

Volumen 7, Número 2. May-Ago 2010

THE STATE, INSTITUTIONS AND POPULATION FRONTS IN GUATEMALA’S NORTHEAST: THE CASE OF USUMACINTA INHABITANTS

Abstrac


This article has the objective of reflecting, first, on some factors that allowed rural populations in Guatemala’s northeast to turn to displacement as a subsistence strategy. Among them, we want to highlight a type of conglomerate of individuals, that we will call population front, from peasant groups. In the second place, we will highlight that these groups move in spite of the State agencies’ interventions and projects for development. Their contradictory interventions did not prevent the breakdown and impoverishment of social forms in peasant domestic units. Thirdly, beyond the identity classification as indigenous/white with which otherness in Guatemalan population is understood, we attempt to open a discussion regarding the construction of a collective meaning in these inhabitants. As a result of displacement as a subsistence strategy and the unstable relationship with the State during the second half of the 20th Century, emotions – the notion of suffering – prevail in the construction of social memories. There is an attempt to abandon the idea that refers to ethnic collective identities, present in the south of the country since the Spanish Colony, a conceptualization based on which development strategies are designed, in the case of Petén. In conclusion, we describe the processes that configure contents in the construction of meaning in these rootless groups, synthesized in the suffering with which these populations interiorized displacement.

Palabras clave: Pioneer fronts, narrative identities, internal migration, peasant domestic units.

Volumen 7, Número 2

Volumen 7, Número 2
May-Ago 2010


Director

Said Infante Gil


Director de ASyD

Benito Ramírez Valverde


Comité Asesor Editorial Interno

Ma. Eugenia Chávez Arellano
Juan Antonio Leos Rodríguez
Jaime Matus Gardea
Jacinta Palerm Viqueira
Verónica Vázquez García
Emma Zapata Martelo
Pilar Alberti Manzanares
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