ASyD

ISSN: 1870-5472

Números publicados:

Volumen 8, Número 3. Sep-Dic 2011

TAXING FLAVORED WATERS (SODA): AN ALTERNATIVE FOR FINANCING THE FIGHT AGAINST DIABETES IN MÉXICO

Abstrac


Diabetes is the number one cause of death in people of productive age in México, generating high economic and social costs at the micro and macroeconomic levels. In 90% of diabetes cases, they are attributed to obesity, which is directly related to imbalances in the diet and to a sedentary lifestyle. The average expenditure in soda consumption is equivalent to 12 and 7.5% of the basic food basket, rural and urban, respectively. The objective of this study was to propose an alternative for financing diabetes treatment by imposing a tax on soda consumption. The methodology consists in estimating the expenditure in diabetes treatment and soda consumption using information from the ENSANUT 2006 databases, and performing a sensibility analysis with different tax sums, and in view of different scenarios for product price elasticities. Results indicate that the income generated from a tax of two to three pesos per liter, taking into account a price elasticity between -0.5 and 1.0, might cover the total cost generated by diabetes treatment in México, and decrease its consumption in 13% to 19%.

Palabras clave: consumption, health expenditure, tax collection, sodas

Volumen 8, Número 3

Volumen 8, Número 3
Sep-Dic 2011


Director

Said Infante Gil


Director de ASyD

Benito Ramírez Valverde


Comité Asesor Editorial Interno

Ma. Eugenia Chávez Arellano
Juan Antonio Leos Rodríguez
Jaime Matus Gardea
Jacinta Palerm Viqueira
Verónica Vázquez García
Emma Zapata Martelo
Pilar Alberti Manzanares
Colegio de Postgraduados · Estadística · Km 36.5 Carretera México-Texcoco · 56230
Apartado Postal 199 · 56190 · Texcoco Edo. de México
asyd@colpos.mx · www.colpos.mx/asyd/asyd.htm