ASyD

ISSN: 1870-5472

Números publicados:

Volumen 10, Número 1. Ene-Mar 2013

PEASANT CHARACTERIZATION OF MANAGEMENT AND USE OF MAIZE DIVERSITY IN SAN FELIPE DEL PROGRESO, ESTADO DE MÉXICO

Abstrac


Maize diversity in México is part of the culture and identity of Mexicans and constitutes an important element in the national diet. The diversity of agricultural systems is important for food production based on local knowledge, and it integrates the heritage of Mexican peasants, who day by day conserve genetic resources through their cultivation. The objective of this study was to identify and characterize the peasant management of local corns cultivated under irrigation and rainfed conditions, in two ejidos with Mazahua population in San Felipe del Progreso, Estado de México. The study was of ethnographic nature, based on interviews with 200 peasants during 2011. It was found that peasants cultivate local maize varieties that they have improved empirically: among them, there are those with white grains (long cycle), yellow, spotted and black (intermediate cycle), and red and pink (short cycle), which belong to the conic group. Cultivation of local corns is related with the availability of water for irrigation, the rainfed regime, the type of soil and the uses of different types of maize.

Palabras clave: peasants, agricultural systems, irrigation and rainfed maize, soil.

Volumen 10, Número 1

Volumen 10, Número 1
Ene-Mar 2013


Director

Said Infante Gil


Director de ASyD

Benito Ramírez Valverde


Comité Asesor Editorial Interno

Ma. Eugenia Chávez Arellano
Juan Antonio Leos Rodríguez
Jaime Matus Gardea
Jacinta Palerm Viqueira
Verónica Vázquez García
Emma Zapata Martelo
Pilar Alberti Manzanares
Colegio de Postgraduados · Estadística · Km 36.5 Carretera México-Texcoco · 56230
Apartado Postal 199 · 56190 · Texcoco Edo. de México
asyd@colpos.mx · www.colpos.mx/asyd/asyd.htm