ASyD

ISSN: 1870-5472

Números publicados:

Volumen 10, Número 4. Oct-Dic 2013

PROFITABILITY ANALYSIS OF MAIZE PRODUCTION IN THE TULANCINGO REGION, HIDALGO, MÉXICO

Abstrac


The objective of this study was to carry out a profitability analysis of maize produciton in the Development District of Tulancingo, Hidalgo. A survey directed at 55 producers was performed from May to September 2010, taking into consideration quantitative and qualitative variables. Three categories of producers were identified based on their yield: category I : yield £ 1 t ha-1 (24 % of the producers); category II: from 1.1 to 2 t ha-1 (72%); and category III: ? 2.1 (4%). Some of the problems faced were: drought (96 % mentioned that the lack of water limits production); reduced use of improved seed (28 % use it); deficient phytosanitary control (only 4 % do it); 24 % apply herbicides, and 60 % fertilizes, showing a low technological level. The latter is the result of the lack of technical advice and training. The average costs of production were $7290.19 per ha, with a yield of 1.87 t ha-1, which allows obtaining profits of $83.15 per ha. Producers from category III have a profit of $1067.80 per ton, while those from category I show losses of $2416.50, which is explained by the low yields.

Palabras clave: production costs, profit, productivity

Volumen 10, Número 4

Volumen 10, Número 4
Oct-Dic 2013


Director

Said Infante Gil


Director de ASyD

Benito Ramírez Valverde


Comité Asesor Editorial Interno

Ma. Eugenia Chávez Arellano
Juan Antonio Leos Rodríguez
Jaime Matus Gardea
Jacinta Palerm Viqueira
Verónica Vázquez García
Emma Zapata Martelo
Pilar Alberti Manzanares
Colegio de Postgraduados · Estadística · Km 36.5 Carretera México-Texcoco · 56230
Apartado Postal 199 · 56190 · Texcoco Edo. de México
asyd@colpos.mx · www.colpos.mx/asyd/asyd.htm