ASyD

ISSN: 1870-5472

Números publicados:

Volumen 11, Número 1. Ene-Mar 214

TRADITIONAL PRODUCTION AND DIVERSITY OF NATIVE TOMATO (Solanum lycopersicum L.): A STUDY CASE IN TEHUANTEPEC-JUCHITÁN, MÉXICO

Abstrac


For farmers of scarce financial resources, native varieties adapted to specific micro-niches are the primary resource available to maintain production and guarantee family sustenance. This study describes the traditional production system and commercialization in the local market of native tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) in the region of Tehuantepec-Juchitán, Oaxaca, México. Interviews were performed with 45 producers from seven Zapotec indigenous communities with tomato crops. Results show that most of the farmers interviewed were older than 50 years; that they cultivate seven varieties of tomato and that more than 60 % of them do not apply fertilizers. The correspondence analysis shows that the variables with highest descriptive value for the production system were the cultivation surface (0.1 to 0.5 ha), the morphotype of the tomato sown, the age of farmers, and the amount of seed used. Five production subsystems were determined, directed at the local markets. In this study case, more than 80 % of the production is destined to regional markets, which will promote the in situ preservation of the local tomato gene pool.

Palabras clave: in situ conservation, Zapotec indigenous people, phenotypic variation, native varieties

Volumen 11, Número 1

Volumen 11, Número 1
Ene-Mar 214


Director

Said Infante Gil


Director de ASyD

Benito Ramírez Valverde


Comité Asesor Editorial Interno

Ma. Eugenia Chávez Arellano
Juan Antonio Leos Rodríguez
Jaime Matus Gardea
Jacinta Palerm Viqueira
Verónica Vázquez García
Emma Zapata Martelo
Pilar Alberti Manzanares
Colegio de Postgraduados · Estadística · Km 36.5 Carretera México-Texcoco · 56230
Apartado Postal 199 · 56190 · Texcoco Edo. de México
asyd@colpos.mx · www.colpos.mx/asyd/asyd.htm