ASyD

ISSN: 1870-5472

Números publicados:

Volumen 12, Número 4. Oct-Dic 2015

MACROECONOMIC AND MICROECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF COMPETITIVENESS OF RICE IN MÉXICO

Abstrac


Rice (Oryza sativa L.) occupies the fourth place for dietary grain production in México, after maize, bean and wheat. National production has covered part of the internal demand, and the country has resorted to imports and become a net importing country, since 85 % of white rice consumption between 2010 and 2012 came from the exterior. The objective of this study was to evaluate the competitiveness of rice production in México with regard to the US as principal commercial partner, with the aim of suggesting actions that contribute to improving it. A competitiveness analysis was performed at the macroeconomic level using the Additive Revealed Comparative Advantage, Commercial Openness, and Food Self-Sufficiency indexes; in addition, a comparison was done of the subsidies that rice producers receive in México and the US, with information from the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), identifying how the US as rice exporter and México as importer contribute to the cereal’s competitiveness. At the microeconomic level, the production costs of the 2012 agricultural cycle in the US were compared to the Mexican states of Michoacán, Morelos and Campeche. Rice production was found to be non-competitive in Campeche, but competitive in Michoacán and Morelos.

Palabras clave: subsidy equivalent, Oryza sativa L., profitability, additive revealed comparative advantage, representative production unit.

Volumen 12, Número 4

Volumen 12, Número 4
Oct-Dic 2015


Director

Said Infante Gil


Director de ASyD

Benito Ramírez Valverde


Comité Asesor Editorial Interno

Ma. Eugenia Chávez Arellano
Juan Antonio Leos Rodríguez
Jaime Matus Gardea
Jacinta Palerm Viqueira
Verónica Vázquez García
Emma Zapata Martelo
Pilar Alberti Manzanares
Colegio de Postgraduados · Estadística · Km 36.5 Carretera México-Texcoco · 56230
Apartado Postal 199 · 56190 · Texcoco Edo. de México
asyd@colpos.mx · www.colpos.mx/asyd/asyd.htm