ASyD

ISSN: 1870-5472

Números publicados:

Volumen 13, Número 4. Oct-Dic 2016

LIVELIHOOD STRATEGY IN THE RURAL AREA OF THE MEXICAN CENTRAL HIGHLANDS: THE FAMILY VEGETABLE GARDEN

Abstrac


In three municipalities located in the ecological transition zone of Estado de México, the traditional peasant practice of the family vegetable garden was researched as a livelihood strategy that contributes to food security. Peasant agriculture is part of the strategies of family life in rural areas and contributes to facing extreme climate events at the regional level. Through field observation and semi-structured interviews with 180 vegetable garden owners, the environmental, social and economic benefits that they receive from them were studied, as well as the use they make of the products of plant and animal origin, their use in the diet and for income generation. The following were identified: 134 tree or shrub species; 54 herbs or vegetables, and 13 animal species. The species were used by the families for their diet and as condiments or for medicinal or ritual uses. The main products obtained from the garden are fruits, leaves, flowers, meat, milk and egg; their principal destination is for auto-consumption; the excess is destined to the sale and exchange, as an alternative to complement the diet. These agroecosystems contribute to conserving regional biodiversity, they favor family food security and provide environmental services and social benefits.

Palabras clave: peasant agriculture, agroecosystems, family livelihood strategy, traditional practice, food security.

Volumen 13, Número 4

Volumen 13, Número 4
Oct-Dic 2016


Director

Said Infante Gil


Director de ASyD

Benito Ramírez Valverde


Comité Asesor Editorial Interno

Ma. Eugenia Chávez Arellano
Juan Antonio Leos Rodríguez
Jaime Matus Gardea
Jacinta Palerm Viqueira
Verónica Vázquez García
Emma Zapata Martelo
Pilar Alberti Manzanares
Colegio de Postgraduados · Estadística · Km 36.5 Carretera México-Texcoco · 56230
Apartado Postal 199 · 56190 · Texcoco Edo. de México
asyd@colpos.mx · www.colpos.mx/asyd/asyd.htm